frozen shoulder

Physiotherapy is often effective in treating frozen shoulders by improving range of motion and reducing pain. However, the extent of improvement varies among individuals, and full recovery may take time. Consult with Human Mechanic Clinic for personalized advice based on your specific condition.

Frozen shoulder, clinically known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint. While it can be a challenging and uncomfortable experience, the good news is that physiotherapy can play a pivotal role in the treatment and recovery process.

Understanding Frozen Shoulder

Before delving into the role of physiotherapy, let’s briefly understand what a frozen shoulder entails. This condition typically progresses through three stages:

1. Pain Stage – Initial discomfort and pain in the shoulder, especially during movement.
2. Freezing Stage – Gradual loss of motion and increased stiffness.
3. Thawing Stage – Improvement in range of motion, though this can take a significant amount of time.

How Physiotherapy Helps

1. Pain Management

Physiotherapists employ various techniques to alleviate pain, such as gentle exercises, manual therapy, and modalities like heat or ice application. These methods aim to reduce inflammation and enhance the overall comfort of the patient.

2. Range of Motion Exercises

One of the key aspects of physiotherapy for frozen shoulder is focused on improving and maintaining the range of motion. Therapists guide patients through specific exercises that target the shoulder joint, gradually helping regain flexibility.

3. Stretching and Strengthening

Tailored exercises designed to stretch and strengthen the muscles surrounding the shoulder contribute to restoring function. These exercises also prevent further stiffness and promote a quicker recovery.

4. Joint Mobilization

Physiotherapists use hands-on techniques to mobilize the shoulder joint. This helps in breaking down adhesions and scar tissue, facilitating improved movement.

5. Education and Home Exercises

Empowering patients with knowledge about their condition and providing them with home exercises are crucial components of physiotherapy. Consistent engagement in prescribed exercises accelerates recovery.


In conclusion, physiotherapy stands as a cornerstone in the multidisciplinary approach to treating frozen shoulders. It addresses the pain, stiffness, and limited range of motion through a combination of therapeutic techniques and exercises. If you or someone you know is grappling with a frozen shoulder, consulting a physiotherapist could be a pivotal step toward unlocking relief and regaining optimal shoulder function.

Blog written by Dr. Radhika Tambe – Consultant Physiotherapist at Human Mechanic Clinic Pune.